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考研英语必记核心词组560条

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考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 1. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接*,进入,了解 2. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿 地 ,主动地 3. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致 4. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 5. on one’s own account a) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 b) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 c) (=by oneself)依靠自己 6. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 7. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明. 8. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 9. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 10. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 11. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 12. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; -113. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先. 14. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地. 15. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用. 16. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 17. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…; ahead of time 提前. 18. in the air a)不肯定, 不具体. b)在谣传中. 19. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到. 20. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 21. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最 重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎. 22. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于. 23. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责. 24. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合. 25. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 26. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 27. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有 吸引力 28. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good ) 赞成, 29. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. 30. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… 31. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻 32. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信. 33. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 34. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 35. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾; 36. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为是..的结果 37. on the average (=on average, on an average) *均 38. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge)意识到,知道. 39. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台 40. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb in an impolite way)不 理睬,背弃,抛弃 41. be based on / upon 基于 42. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 43. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 44. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 45. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 46. out of breath 喘不过气来 47. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 48. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 49. take the floor 起立发言 50. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 51. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)*惯于. 52. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

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考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 53. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至 于…, 就…而言 54. be cautious of 谨防 55. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 56. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 57. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有… 58. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾) 59. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地 60. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison 把某人送 进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论 61. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好. 62. compare…with … 把…与…比较 63. by comparison 比较起来 64. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补 compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补 65. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人 或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维) 66. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从 67. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想 68. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心 69. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关 70. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如. in that = because 因为; now that = since 既然 for all that = although 尽管 71. in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit) 健康状 况好/不好 . in good (bad) condition 处于良好(坏)状态 72. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; 73. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖 74. confidence in sb. / sth. 对…的信赖 75. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内 76. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)

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考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 77. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵 守;a)obey 服从; b) observe; c)comply with 照…办; d)keep to 遵循; e)abide by 服从; f)stick to 按..做 78. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临 79. congratulate sb. on 祝贺 80. in connection with(=with regard to)关于, 81. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道 82. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意 83. in consequence (=as a result) 结果 84. under consideration 在考虑中 85. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in 主要在于. consist with 符合,与…一致 86. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请 教 87. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地,痛痛快快 88. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于 be content to do sth. 愿意做某事 152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反 -489. on the contrary 相反 90. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比 by contrast 对比之下 91. contribute to 有助于 92. under control (被)控制住 out of control 无法控制 93. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时 间或地点 . be convenient to / for 对…方便 94. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做… 95. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理 96. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street 在街道拐 弯处;round the comer 拐过弯; be in a tight corner 陷入困境 97. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信 98. correspond to 相当于 correspond with 符合,一致 99. at all costs 不惜任何代价 . at the cost of 以…为代价 100. a matter of course 理所当然的事 101. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情 102. be patient with 对…耐心 103. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 104. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处 in peace (=peacefully)安静, *安 105. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的 106. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金 107. persist in 坚持,固执 108. in person 亲自, 当面 109. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方 110. in place of (=instead of) 代替 111. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事 112. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做 113. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要 114. come to the point 谈主要问题 115. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事 116. to the point 中肯, 切题 117. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着 point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明 118. popular with/among 大众所喜爱的,拥戴 119. in the position of 处在…位置上 120. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语) -5121. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练 122. bring(put)…into practice 使…成为现实 123. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢 124. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下 125. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at present 现在,此刻 126. preside over / at 主持(会议,业务等) 127. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜 128. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做 129. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前 130. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪 131. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上 132. prior to (=before) 在…之前 133. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地 in public 公开地 134. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起 (产生) 135. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行 136. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中 137. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 138. in proportion to 与…成比例 139. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受 140. provide for 为…做准备 142. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意 143. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格 be qualified for 在 某种职业上合格 144. call…in question 对…表示怀疑 145. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的; 146. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地 147. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括 148. range between 范围在..与..之间不等 150. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解) 151. react to 对…作出反应 152. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字 (be) get out of red 不再亏损 153. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候 154. relevant to 与…有关的 155. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是 156. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论 157. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物 -6158. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于… resort to force 诉诸于武力

159. in/with respect to (=concerning)有关,关于 160. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因 161. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不.. 162. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去 163.be in the right 正确的;in the wrong 错误的 164. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致 165. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险 166. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of ) 为了…起见 167. be for sale 待售 168. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市 169. be satisfied with 满意 170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的 171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病 172.a danger to 对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger 脱离危险 173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止 174. out of date 过时的; to date 新式的,时兴的; date back to 可追 up 溯到; date from 从某时期开始(有)

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 175. deal with (=concern) 论及 176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债 177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加 178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴 to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow 悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame 羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇; 179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐 180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐 181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西 182.in demand 有需求;on demand 受到要求时 183. be dependent on 依靠 184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物 185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于 186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望 187. in despair 绝望 188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管 -7189. in detail 详细地 190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办 191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食 192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于… 193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难, 194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解 雇, 开除 195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪 196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列 197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉 198. beyond dispute 不容争议的,无可争议 199. in dispute 在争议中 200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出 201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同 202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别 203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开 204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 205. have…to do with 与…有关系 206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地 207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 208. be due to 是由于 209. come off duty 下班 210. go on duty * 211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在*嗍 212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做) 213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望 214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱 215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力 216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话 217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然 218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力 219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or -8nervousness) 自在,不拘束 220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使 某人感到无拘束 221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省 222. have an effect on 对…有影响 223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效 224. go into effect 生效 ( *: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect) 225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上 226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效 227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果 228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效 229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是… 230. to that effect 是那个意思的… 231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意 见等) 232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人 工作; encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲 234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事 235. on end (=continuously) 连续地 236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了 237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量 238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终 239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽 240. end up with 以…而结束 241. come to and end (=finish) 结束 242. end in 以…为结束 243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事 244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加 245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等) 246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任 期等) 247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… 248. be equal to 等于 -9249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付 on equal terms(=on and equal footing)*等地 250. be equipped with 装备有,装有 251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于 252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上 253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何 254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样 255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况 是(常与 but 连用) 256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时 257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有.. 258. except (=but) 除了。 259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外 260. (an) exception to …的例外 261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 262. in excess of (=more than) 超过 263. exchange…for 以…交换 264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括 265. in excuse of 作为…的借口 266. exert…on… 对…施加… 267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲 268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use 开 始使用; come into effect 开始运转; come into fashion 开始时新; come into action 开始行动; come into power 开始执政; come into sight 进入视野;come into blossom 开花; 269. (be) in existence 存在 come into existence 出现 270. expect…of 在…期望… 271. at the expense of 在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲 272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险) 273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到…. 274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无 法形容, 说不出的 275. give expression to 表达, 表现 find expression in 表现 276. to …extent 在…程度上 277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其 278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人) 279. close (shut) one’s eyes to 不理会,视而不见 280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中 281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间 282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视 283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里 284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来 285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况) 286. in one’s face 当着某人的面; face to faced 面对面; face up to 大 胆面向 287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败 288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地 289. keep faith with 对…守信用 290. lose faith in 对…失去信心 - 10 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地 292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚 293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…*惯 294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于 295. familiar with 熟悉,了解 296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道 理地)喜欢, 想要 297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢 298. by far 远, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用) 299. far from 远远不是 300. far from 非但不…(而且) 301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行 302. after the fashion (of) 依照… 303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求 疵 304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错 305. in favour of 赞成 306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱; out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠 307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利 308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的 309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心 310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕 311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心 312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养 313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了 314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要 315. fill in 填写 316. fill out ( =fill in )填写 317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable) 有突出成就 318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事 319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火 320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见 321. for the first time 第一次 (作状语) 322. in the first place 首先, 第一 - 11 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 323. fit into 刚好放入 324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致 325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合 326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上 focus sth. on 把…集中在…上 327. be fond of 喜欢 328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施 329. go into force 开始生效 330. by force 靠武力, 强行 331. force…on 把…强加给… 332. in the form of 以…形式 333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气 334. free of charge 免费 335. be freed from 免受, 没有… 336. in front of 在…前面 in the front of 在…前部 337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供 338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常 339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at 看一眼(强调动作) 340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用 be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好 341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等) 342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地 343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 把…认为理所当然的. 344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人 345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于… 346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空 347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕 (be) on guard 站岗 348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止 guard…against 警 卫…防止 349. guess at 猜, 估计 350. by guess 靠猜 351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失 352. be in the habit of *惯于 - 12 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种*惯) 354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某*惯) 355. get (fall) into the habit of 养成了…的*惯 356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住 357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附*) 358. by hand 用手工(做) 359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作 360. in hand 1)在手边 2)(=under control)控制住 361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责 362. live from hand to mouth 勉强度日,现挣现吃 363. at the head of 在…的前头 364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进 365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过 366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上 367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上 368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵) 369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地 370. with all one’s heart 全心全意地,真心实意 371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做 372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假 go on holiday = go for a holiday 373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束,熟悉 374. be honest in 诚实 375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念 376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保 377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有 378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是 379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地 380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同 381. be identified with 被视为与…等同 382. in ignorance of 不知道… 383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道 384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响 385. impose…on 把…强加给 386. impress…on 给…留下印象 387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象 - 13 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 388.under the impression that 有..的印象,认为 389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进 improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好 390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些 391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转 392. include…in 把…列在…里面 393. inclusive of 把…包括在内 394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的 395. indicative of 表明, 说明 396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在 乎 397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to 比…好 398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉 399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的 400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要 401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是… 402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人… 403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证 404. insure…against 保险…以防 405. intend…for 打算把…给 406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决 407. in the interests of 符合…的利益 be interested in 对…感兴趣 408. interfere in 干涉, interfere with 打搅,干扰 409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离 410. intervene in 干预 411. invest in 投资 412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加 413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己 414. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然 415. be jealous of 妒忌 416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受, 417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责 418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低. - 14 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望 420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视 421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人 422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知 423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外 at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上 at large(=at full length; with details)详细地 424. lean against (背)靠着… 425. at least 至少; at most 至多 426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不) 427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候 428. lend itself/themselves to 适合于(某用途) 429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于 at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地 430. go to any length 想一切办法, 尽一切力量 431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚) 432. be liable for 对…应负责任的 433. lie in 在于 434. in life 一生中 435. for life 终身 436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据 437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线 索, 阐明 438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致 439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到 440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中) 441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后. 442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说) 443. (be) at a loss 不知所措 444.major in 主修(某课程) 445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是 446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切. (=certainly) 当然行;by means of 用…; by no means 完全不, 决不 447. on memory of 为纪念… 448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中 - 15 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事 450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下 451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难 make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱 452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记 453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起 454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地 455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在 for the moment (=for the time being)暂时 just a moment 稍等片刻 at the last moment 在最后一刻 456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做. 457. no more…than 和…一样都不… 458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说 459. at (the) most 最多, 至多 460. make the most of 充分利用 461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的… be something of 有点…,像… 462. name after 用…的名字命名 463. native to 所产的 464. by nature 天生的, 生来 465. in mature 本质上 466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质 467. none other that 不是别人,正是… 468. above normal 高于正常(温度) 469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费 470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已 471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说… 472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备 473. until further notice 在另行通知前 474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意 475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对 476. objection to (接动名词) 反对 477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时 478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于 479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事) 480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到… 481. once and for all =once and forever 永远地 - 16 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上 once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔 (just) for once 就这一次 482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助) 483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术 operation n. come/ go into operation 开始运转 put/bring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转 484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法 485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法 486. be opposed to… 反对… 487. be opposite to 与…相反的 488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的 in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出 毛病,发生故障 489. made to order 定做的(衣服) 490. originate in/from(=begin)起源于,由..引起 491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊 492. owe…to 把…归于… 493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独 494. of one’s own 某人自己的 495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进 496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力 497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉 498. participate in (=take part in)参加 499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿) 500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其 501. on credit 赊购; with credit 以优异成绩; to one’s credit 使某人感 到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣 502. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule 提前; in advance 预先;behind schedule 落后于计划进度,晚 于规定时间 503. scrape through(in) 勉强通过 504. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始 505. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of 为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of 为… 的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持… 506. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻;superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差 - 17 -

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 507. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational 耸人 听闻的 508. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序 509. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用 510. be shocked at / by 对…感到震惊 511. fall short of 达不到 512. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称 513. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思 514. take the side of 站在…一边 515. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见 516. at the sight of 一看见… 517. speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话 525. in stock 有….货 526. be strict with 对…严格要求 527. be/go on strike 罢工 528. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到 subject (adj.) to 易 受到…的 529. submit…to 提交 530. substitute…for 以…代替… 531. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛 532. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物 533. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实 534. be surprised at 对..惊奇; to one’s surprise 使某人惊奇

535. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心 536. by sympathetic to/towards 对…同情,赞同 537. taste of 有…味道 538. in good taste 大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste 539. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出 540. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方 面 541. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后 - 18 -

518. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻 519. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或 (=at once) 立即 520. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对 take a stand for 采取 某种立场支持… 523. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着 524. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐

考研英语必记核心词组 560 条 542. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经 543. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时 544. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时 on time (=punctually) 准时 545. in total (=all have been added up) 总计 546. be in touch with 与…有接触,有联系 be out of touch with 与… 没有联系或接触 547. be true of 适合于…的;be true to 忠于… 548. place (put, have) trust in 依赖 549. in truth 事实上, 实在 550. by turns 轮换地 551. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次 552. be typical of 是…的特点 553. for use 以便使用 554. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳 555. in the vicinity 在附*; in close vicinity to 在靠*…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约 556. in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意 思 557. by/in virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力 量 558. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地 at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地 559. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物 560. in a word 总之; in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一 谈; have words with sb.争吵;have the last word 有决定权 keep one’s word

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